Broodiness

Harriett returns to her nest. Carefully she straddles her eggs; arranges them, wriggles to get them below her brood patch, and contentedly huddles down.

The Doctor enjoys the soft, incoming, telepathic waves of happiness.

 

Broodiness In wild birds

Broodiness is the behavioral tendency to sit on a clutch of eggs to incubate them, often to the exclusion of other behaviors including feeding and drinking.  Broodiness is usually associated with female birds, although males of some bird species become broody.

A wide range of incubation habits is displayed among birds. Body heat from the brooding parent usually provides the constant temperature required.

The most common pattern is the female does all the incubation, as in the Indian Robin.

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Indian Robin

 

Or most of the brooding, as is typical of ospreys.

images (9)
Osprey

 

In some species, such as the Whooping Crane, the male and the female take turns incubating the egg.

Whooping Cranesata
Whooping Crane

 

In others, such as the cassowaries, only the male incubates.

-Northern_Cassowary_-head_to_toe
Cassowarie

 

The male Mountain Plover incubates the female’s first clutch, but if she lays a second, she incubates it herself.

220px-Mountain_Plover,_Charadrius_montanus
Mountain Plover

 

In all the species of wade-pipers the males become broody rather than the female. The females leave the nest after finishing laying to let the males incubate the eggs and take care of the young.

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Red-neck wadepiper

 

Emu males become broody after their mates start laying, and begin to incubate the eggs before the laying period is complete.

300px-Emu-wild
Emu

 

A small number of atypical birds such as Passeriformes of the genus Molothrus do not become broody but lay their eggs in the nests of other species for incubation, known as brood parasitism.

300px-Pardalotus_with_nesting_material (2)
Striated Pardalote

 

The Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) also does not become broody, rather, it covers the eggs with a large mound of vegetable matter which decomposes keeping the eggs warm until hatching.

Brush Turkeys
Australian Brush Turkey

 

The Crab-Plover, (Dromas ardeola), which live on the coasts and islands of the Indian Ocean, let their eggs incubate primarily by the heat of the sun and will leave their nests unattended, occasionally for days at a time.

Crab-ploverer
Crab-Plover

 

The Namaqua Sandgrouse of the deserts of southern Africa, needing to keep its eggs cool during the heat of the day, stands over them drooping its wings to shade them. The humidity is also critical, and if the air is too dry the egg will lose too much water to the atmosphere, which can make hatching difficult or impossible. As incubation proceeds, an egg will normally become lighter, and the air space within the egg will normally become larger, owing to evaporation from the egg.

220px-2012-namaqua-sandgrouse-female
Namaqua Sandgrouse

 

In Hoatzins, some birds (mostly males) help their parents incubate later broods.

220px-Hoatzin_in_Peru
Hoatzin

 

The Megapodes, instead of body heat, use heat generated from rotting vegetable material, effectively creating a giant compost heap

-Micronesian_megapode, scrubfowl_6
Micronesian Scrubfowl

About Harriett Raptor

Harriett O. Raptor 8-year-old mother of five, lifelong mate of Ozzie Raptor until he perished last year, fluent in telepathy with The Doctor and possessor of genetic memory. She is an intellectual, a scholar, philosopher and thinker; a wise, learned osprey especially distinguished for her expertise on the H. sapiens problem.
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